All coolant fluids have corrosion inhibitors. Problem is they fade away with time and people don't change their coolant often enough (if ever). When the corrosion inhibitors are used up and the pH of the coolant drops to 7 or below, aluminum becomes a sacrificial anode and the cooling system is eaten away.
Testing for Stray Current in the Cooling System
Another BIG factor in corrosion is stray voltage in the coolant. This causes corrosion even when the coolant is in good condition. If the engine does not have a good ground connection, voltage from the charging system will flow through the coolant to ground, creating and speeding electrolytic corrosion.
One needs a voltmeter (multimeter) with a scale capable of reading in millivolts. (I use those with digital read outs.)
1. Empty the vehicle of coolant and flush with clean water.
2. Fill the cooling system with distilled or demineralized water. (A coolant filled system gives inaccurate readings.)
3. Connect the voltmeter to the battery ground and the positive terminal into the coolant making sure not to touch the metal core or filler neck).
4: With the ignition on and again with the engine running, turn on every component. While you are monitoring the presence of stray voltage in the cooling system, have a fellow worker operate the brake lights, parking, head and high beam lights and everything you can't turn on while you're monitoring your voltmeter.
5. Note any voltage and any increases in voltage and what component increased it.
Your system has failed if you get a reading above 50mV (0.05 volts) The source (s) of the current leakage should be found, as they can destroy a radiator or other components in a short period of time, depending on the level of voltage.
The system is fine if your voltmeter reads below 50mV (0.05 volts) so refill your cooling system with coolant.
The New Plastic Radiators (October 2008)
In early 2008, the
Morgan Motor Company began to switch the traditional copper rads in their 100 bhp 4/4 classic cars from
to plastic crossflow radiators like many mass-produced modern cars today. This was an immense saving for
the company of hundreds of pounds per car, though it has not been reflected in the pricing.
Additionally, the odd hoses necessary to reach the inconveniently placed
out/inlets suggests it is a mass-produced generic model but I have done
no research as to their source and Morgan will not reveal it.
for cooling, plastic is rigid and not ideal for the famous Morgan
chassis flexing. A quick google reveals that even modern car owners, with modern suspensions,
despair about the trend to this plastic rads. /font>And OUR cars are famous for their vibration
and chassis movement. As such, these rads have a tendency
to have the plastic crack at the corners where the brackets or any tension
occurs, or even at the tank. Additionally, plastic radiators, are (according to Morgan) impossible
to fix, even if they crack at easily an accessible areas. Accordingly, it is recommended
that these rads be very regularly checked. Anyone with one of the earlier installations should
consider fitting softer interface reels/bumpers to absorb the forces that are causing the damage.
Ideally, one should
consider replacement with an aluminum radiator offered by the aftermarket
alloy rad or an earlier Morgan copper rad. Click HERE
REVISTED: (April 2014) Since 2008, Morgan began fitting these 4/4 rads noted above, to their more powerful cars...Plus 4s and Roadsters. Some recall the first public appearance of the Plus 4S model (250 bhp) where their demo spectacularly overheated and overflowed on the track with a non-Morgan crowd at hand. (with the (285 bhp) 3.7 Roadster the same experience is chronic if the car is exercised at all agressively or used on a hot day (33C +). (The Factory offers a Mulberry Rad as a "performance upgrade" for this model) I advise any Morgan buyer to install a proper radiator if they intend to use their purchase as a sportscar.
The urgency of this advice
will vary with the power of the specific Morgan and the heat of the day..
But regardless of where you are or how you use your car, why risk ruining
a Morgan outing? Worse still, drivers adapt automatically to the inadequacies of their car.
Why limit your driving because of an ill-chosen component?
RECENTLY, there are
some generic sellers offering plastic radiator repair solutions. The feedback on these is
poor for the Morgan rads. Plastic radiators have special issues of pressure
and heat that make them difficult to repair successfully..but technology
keeps marching on. (hopefully) I cannot see how such a repair would address
the Morgan chassis flexing forces. The repaired rads crack even more readily. But at the cost,
it is worth a try. (shrug)
Sadly, these plastic
replacements offered by Morgan are, for some reason, priced far beyond the
level of other plastic rads from other marques or generic models. Their prices are
the same as a bespoke all metal rad. So the decision to upgrade your rad when it cracks is not a cost factor.
REVISTED AGAIN: (January 2019) Our fears about them, expressed above in 2008,
have sadly proved prescient. Not only are these radiators inadequate
for any bhp beyond 200, but they crack and shear over time, often
ruining your anticipated Morgan outing or your long-awaited annual
mogging trip. Buy yourself an aluminum present, or even an used
(re-cored) older Morgan radiator (they appear on ebay from time to
time..and.or a Morgan dealer might have one out back). I now recommend
that if ANYTHING becomes amiss with one of these, do not bother
repairing it. Think of the cost of a repair as a discount on
something better. These rads merely degrade the product to the benefit
of Morgan Company profit.