GREASING FROM THE TOP OF THE KINGPIN Pre-2004 (The Argument Against)
by Lorne Goldman 2002 updated 2018

The unfortunate use of the one-shot oiler began a decades long (and silly) debate on greasing from the top of the kingpin, using the oil passage the MMC drilled down the shaft. Perhaps the issue with understanding how the original one-shot oiler CANNOT function as a greasing system arises out of the fact that most of us never see or study the kingpins carefully before they are installed, and then, after they are installed they are covered by their main springs and their dust covers preventing an easy visual analysis. However, even installed, a tape measure can tell you all you need to confirm the elements you need know. (Or just a glance will do it if you understand where everything is.)

HFS's system for greasing the kingpins was by filling the grease reservoir formed in the stub axle tube (the passage the kingpin is installed) in the space between the upper and lower bushes. The lower grease nipple is placed exactly at the reservoir and allows us to fill the reservoir with grease. When suspension goes up and down, the reservoir of grease travels up and down the kingpin.. greasing it and the bushes continually. This effect is enhanced with the addition of steering races aka bearing systems. The upper bush is never greased by this method but it does seem to mind..and rarely wears much. 
 
Now look at the diagram on the right. As you can see, the one shot oiler passage exits the  kingpin (used up to 2002) above the stub axle and higher than the all-important reservoir.To confirm this, measure down from the top of the kingpin 5 inches and then ask yourself what grease up there can do that could possibly replenish the reservoir. So if you hope to use the old oil passage for grease instead of oil, it cannot help in any way unless you drill it further.  

So, what was it made to be used for? In their wisdom, the PM era designers felt that the area (the shelf) the pring and damper plare rests on had to be greased or rather oiled. This was a decidedly odd decision considering they had advertised the damper blade as a "friction damper" two decades before, but there you have it. At least, the one-shot oiler inundated the area in oil which had some lubricating consequence for the damper plate (and sadly your brake rotors as well at times!)

Some say that a remote system extends the life of the front end. It cannot. Additionally, if it is imagined it is a replacement for filling the stub axle grease reservoir, considering where it exits, you will only shorten the front end life for lack of grease in the reservoir. HOWEVER, there is some logic in modifying the kingpins and extending the one-shot oiler passage all the way to a point where it can reach the bushes and the grease reservoir. But then, how would you know whether you had filled or over-filled the reservoir or whether your brakes had been greased as well by sad chance? This happens often.

What about those who have steering bearing cars...either from a retrofit or later stock Factory fare (in 2008 the new MMC copied the steering races adopted by the community).  

When it comes to the retrofit cars (left), the old kingpin configuration installation assures that the bearing assembly is fed by the lower grease nipple that also fills the bearing assemblies. In the case of the newer kingpins, a hole was drilled inside and angular grovw which happily serves to bearing assembly! However, the kingpin must be mildly modified. As long as you assure yourself that the steering race or bearing assembly is grease fed from the bottom, all will be well. If you are unsure, please contact me.

Some have maintained that the newer bushes, with their spiral grooves cut down in their inboard surfaces, will pick up grease from the top and it will eventually worm it way around to the grease rsservoir. Please step back and think about this conceit for a moment. They are suggesting that you use a hard-to-reach upper grease nipple to force grease down a passage in the long kingpin, squeeze into a sprial groove and have it wind its way down the kingpin into the grease space, which is already filled directly by another grease nipple specific to the reservoir! The same logic could be used to pour petrol over the entire car in hope it would suck in some place useful. (giggle)

In a nutshell, remote greasing is both unnecessary and possibly dangerous.   

 
WATCHPOINT: In 2002, the MMC removed the one-shoted oiler system and the oil passage down the kingpin. However, in 2009, they adopted a steering race (bearing system) made popular by eMog. Rather than using one of the systems tasted and used for many years they tried their own. The bearing systems previously in use all use the existing greasing structure to feed the bearing assembly however, this was apparently not understood by the Factory. Instead, they redesigned the HFS' kingpin once again and drilled a grease passage down the kingpin to a point adjacent their little bearing assembly (steering race)  and have three exit holes in that area that will hopefully fill the assembly. This grease does not fill the aforementioned reservoir. More here.

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